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What is exercise physiology?

Physiology is scientific study of the body and the way it works, that includes mechanical, physical and chemical processes that occur. Exercise physiology uses this information to prescribe effective exercise programs for rehabilitation and relief of pain and discomfort, also to treat many chronic diseases.

What is exercise physiology?

Exercise physiology is a discipline that addresses short-term responses to physical stress and the adaptability of the body in relation to repeated exposure to physical activity over time.

exercise physiology

Therefore, our professionals in exercise physiology have the responsibility of guaranteeing the physical form and health of the patient; at the same time, be aware of the safety issues associated with each type of physical activity. Some of these issues include the risk of injury, environmental exposure, and previous illness.

There is an exercise physiology for treatments of adolescents, but it varies greatly from patient to patient with common conditions like diabetes and depression, operations or other illnesses.

Physiologist or Physical Therapist: What's the Difference?

Physiology is sometimes confused with physical therapy, and although a physiologist can offer many of the same services, there are differences.

Along with muscle and joint rehabilitation treatments, physiologists can also provide treatment for diseases and conditions that are not traditionally treated by a physical therapist.

Exercise physiology can help with the treatment and management of:

Common conditions:

Obesity, depression, diabetes, high vital sign, arthritis, osteoporosis, etc.

Common chronic diseases are among the leading causes of death in Australia and plenty of other parts of the globe. These conditions are primarily the result of physical inactivity. These chronic diseases include conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, depression, arthritis, obesity, and osteoporosis. Regular exercise can help control symptoms and improve health. Regular activities like aerobics can help the insulin in the body to effectively lower the blood sugar level, thereby controlling diabetes. Physical activity is important for weight management through weight loss and an energy boost.

exercise physiology

In the treatment and management of arthritis, exercises can help reduce pain as well as maintain muscle strength in affected joints and reduce joint stiffness. When you have depression, exercise may seem like the last thing you can think of ... However, exercise can make a big difference as it helps relieve anxiety symptoms, improve your mood, gain confidence, take away your mind of worries and having social interactions. High blood pressure is another condition that can be controlled with regular exercise. Physical activity helps strengthen the heart, therefore creating the ability to pump more blood with less effort. Regular exercise also helps prevent increased blood pleasure as you age and maintain a healthy standard weight, which is another way to control blood pressure.


Recovery from illness, injury or operations, posture and muscle control, exercise programs for strength and flexibility, etc.

Rehabilitation is the general process of working to reduce pain or regain function after injury, illness, or operation. Rehabilitation exercises are very important in recovery, as they help restore range of motion, strength, and endurance. The main goal of physiological exercise is to regain a person's activity level and strength. They also play a role in preventing future injuries. It is important to seek professional rehabilitation help to ensure a full recovery. A professional exercise physiologist will have a full understanding of the fundamental principles of rehabilitation and how the affected joints or muscles should function. This understanding helps structure an effective rehabilitation plan.

exercise physiologist

Some of the rehabilitation exercises include gentle stretching, which is a common initial exercise that patients are recommended to perform after an injury. Stretching ensures increased flexibility and range of motion. Reduces pain and restores movement to people who have suffered knee, shoulder, neck, ankle, wrist and hip injuries. Physical activity also helps strengthen the muscles and tendons in the legs, torso, and arms. The more challenging exercises are recommended by the exercise physiologist after the patient has shown progress in gentle exercise. Incorporating simple equipment to aid in the exercises is also a consideration. These include tools such as latex bands, which aid resistance to the patient's movements to help increase strength. Walking is another part of many rehabilitation plans, where patients improve walking speed and distance as they progress through the recovery process.

Healthy body functions:

Musculoskeletal, metabolic, cardiac, pulmonary, neuromuscular, etc.

Physical exercises are essential to recover and maintain healthy bodily functions. Most neuromuscular diseases are incurable. However, an effective rehabilitation program can help maintain a patient's quality of life while maximizing her physical and psychosocial functions. Strengthening exercises and modalities, such as range of motion, can help improve a patient's musculoskeletal conditions and also reduce the effects of lung and heart disease. Physical activity is important for maintaining a healthy weight, which is the necessary factor in preventing and treating lung and heart conditions. Physical exercises facilitate the movement of blood in the arteries and speed up the pumping of the heart. It also helps to burn excess energy and prevents the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood vessels.

transcend health


Exercise physiology may be a discipline necessary to assist achieve healthy living conditions by maintaining proper functioning of all parts of the body and continuing to process and improve existing health conditions. Talking to our qualified exercise physiologists at Transcend Health will give you the opportunity to benefit from their knowledge and guide you to the appropriate exercise for your condition. Exercises often differ from patient to patient, as their conditions are not always similar. It is important to have reliable information on the right exercise for you, from professionals.

The health value of exercise physiology is recognized by major health funds and rebates may be available for your service. Check with your health fund for details.


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